Incels (a portmanteau of involuntary celibates) are members of an online subculture who define themselves as unable to find a romantic or sexual partner despite desiring one, a state they describe as inceldom. Self-identified incels are mostly white, male, and, heterosexual. Discussions in incel forums are often characterized by resentment, misanthropy, self-pity, self-Loathing, misogyny, racism, a sense of entitlement to sex, and the endorsement of violence against sexually active people. The Southern Poverty
Law Center described the subculture as "part of the online male supremacist ecosystem" that is included in their list of hate groups. People who have either self-identified as incels or who had mentioned incel- related names and writings in their private writings or Internet postings have committed at least four mass murders in North America, resulting in forty- five deaths. Incel communities have been criticized by the media and researchers for being misogynist, encouraging violence, as well as spreading extremist views and radicalizing their members.