The first known ribauldequin was used by the army of Edward III of England in 1339 in France during the Hundred Years’ War. They were also used in the Italian Wars and in the War of the Roses. Many, like the one above, were designed to protect the gun crew from archer fire as well as cavam! charges. Ribauldequins, however, suffered from a serious disadvantage. While the weapon could, theoretically, fire dozens of consecutive rounds, it still had to be muzzle loaded. Ultimately, it enjoyed limited use.