• CHAPTER III,
Continuity of the Family. Celibacy forbidden. Divorce
in Case of Sterility. Inequality between the Son and
Daughter.
Tun belief relative to the dead, and to the worship
that was due them, founded the ancient family, and
gave it the greater part of its rules. We have seen
above that man, after death, was reputed a happy and e
divine being, but on
the condition that the living con-
tinued to offer bim the funeral repasts. If these offer-
ings ceased, the dead ancestor fell to the rank of an I
unhappy and malevolent demon. For when these I
ancient generations began to picture a future life to
themselves, they had not dreamed of rewards and pun-
ishments; they imagined that the happiness of the I
dead depended not upon the life led in this state of
I
existence, but upon the way in which their descendants
treated them. Every father, therefore, expected of his
posterity that series of funeral repasts which was to-
assure to his manes repose and happiness. This opinion wag the fundamental principle of do-
mestic law among the ancients. From it followed, in
the first place, this rule, that every family must per-
petuate itself forever. It was necessary to the dead
that the descendants should not die ont. 1n the tomb
where they lived this was the only inqnietude which
they experienced. Their only thonght, their only in-
terest, was, that there should be a man of
their blood to
carry them offerings at the tomb. The' Hindu, too,
62 THE FAMILY. BOOK believed that the dead repeated continually, "M:
there be born in our
line sons
who shall bring us ric
milk, and honey." 'The Hindu also had this saying
"The extinction of a
family causes the ruin of the r
ligion of
this family the ancestors, deprived of
the offe
ing of cakes, fall into the abode of the unhappy."' TI
men of Italy and Greece long held to the same notion
If they have not left us in their writings an opinion I
clearly expressed as in the old books of the East, the
laws, at least, remain to attest their ancient opinion
q At Athens the law made it the duty of the first magi trate of the city to see
that no family should becor
I
extinct In the same way, the Roman law made pr
I vision that no
family should fail and become extinc:
We read in the discourse of an Athenian orate
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